Room Correction 101
A lot of emphasis is traditionally placed on buying the best equipment you can afford for your home theater. Ask just about anyone and they’ll tell you to stretch your budget as far as you can, dig deep to make sure you’re getting the right receiver or amplifier, buying those outrageously expensive speakers or paying too much for speaker wire or interconnects. If you do that, your home theater will sound amazing and you’ll be the envy of the neighborhood.
But what if you did all that and it still didn’t sound like you wanted it to? What if you shelled out all that cash and your friend who spent half as much, or maybe even one tenth as much, on audio gear has a home theater that sounds better than yours? How could that possibly happen? The answer, quite simply, is the room. Regardless of what gear you have, the room you’re in can make or break your audio experience.
So the obvious question you’re probably asking yourself is, am I simply hosed? Am I stuck with a sub-optimal listening environment regardless of how much I invest? Or maybe you’re on the other end of the spectrum wondering if you can create a top notch home listening environment without overspending on gear. The answer to both questions is a resounding maybe. A room is a room, and while there’s a lot you can do to tune, or correct it, there be cases where a true fix would require major construction and changes to walls or ceilings.
Your home theater has a unique personality, a unique character that determines how music, movies and television sound. The acoustics of the room are influenced by the size and shape of the room, walls or lack of walls in some cases, wall height, wall material, windows, acoustic treatments, floor material, furniture, and the list goes on. All these factors influence how sound travels in the room, ultimately making some frequencies louder and making others softer, or even cancelling them out altogether.
Some of these personality quirks can be overcome by changing speaker or subwoofer locations or directions. Others can be overcome by adjusting furniture or adding window coverings, wall treatments or rugs. But some of the more advanced corrections come in the form of Digital Room Correction (DRC), sometimes also referred to as room equalization or EQ. Leveraging the power of modern digital technology and Digital Signal Processing (DSP) can transform an average listening room into a sensational audio experience.
Where to Start
The first step in Room Correction is that little microphone that came with your receiver. If yours didn’t come with one, you’ll need to get a bit more advanced for your first step. There are software packages you can buy for your computer, and even some you can get for tablets and smartphones, that will analyze room acoustics and recommend EQ changes. But those packages are beyond the scope of our discussion.
For today we’ll stick with the DRC/EQ mic that came with your receiver. If you didn’t get one and were looking for an excuse to upgrade, you’re welcome. They all run in pretty much the same manner. You plug the mic into the front of the receiver, place it at your regular listening position, then start the dynamic EQ process from the menu options. Depending on the receiver you have, the whole process can take between five and twenty five minutes.
How Does it Work?
The DRC process works by playing a set of known tones or signals through each speaker and recording the output using the microphone. The microphone is able to measure the magnitude of each frequency in the test tone, the receiver then compares that with a target magnitude or volume level, and makes the proper adjustments until the measured value matches the desired value. Once those adjustments have been made for each speaker at each of the measured frequencies, you have a custom EQ specific to your home theater.
Why Do It
First of all, why not? If you have the mic anyways, why not plug it in and see what happens? There will be cases where the dynamic EQ may not sound any better to you, or might even sound worse, but it’s at least worth giving it a try. In the early days of DRC, we prefered to do it ourselves and dial in our own settings to our own listening preferences. In recent years however, with the advancements we’ve seen in the technology, especially by companies like Audyssey and others, digital room correction has become quite good and well worth the twenty minutes.
All rooms suffer from something called room modes, and typically more than one mode exists in every room. A room mode, also called a standing wave, can wreak havoc on your listening experience by amplifying or eliminating certain frequencies at your listening location. Room modes can cause a room to sound very different to two listeners in different places in the room. Room correction can be very effective at reducing the impact of room modes on your listening experience. Audyssey will have you take multiple measurements with the microphone in an attempt to address more issues throughout the room and not just in the main listening position.
Room Correction is one tool in your toolbox you can, and should, use to improve the sound quality of your home theater. Combined with correct speaker placement, acoustic treatments and other wall and windows coverings to reduce reflections, DRC can transform a ho-hum room into one that really hums. It can’t fix everything, but if you know the gear you invested in should be sounding better than it does, it is a great place to start.
Posted by The HT Guys, April 19, 2013 12:02 AM
About The HT GuysThe HT Guys, Ara Derderian and Braden Russell, are Engineers who formerly worked for the Advanced Digital Systems Group (ADSG) of Sony Pictures Entertainment. ADSG was the R&D unit of the sound department producing products for movie theaters and movie studios.
Two of the products they worked on include the DCP-1000 and DADR-5000. The DCP is a digital cinema processor used in movie theaters around the world. The DADR-5000 is a disk-based audio dubber used on Hollywood sound stages.
ADSG was awarded a Technical Academy Award by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 2000 for the development of the DADR-5000. Ara holds three patents for his development work in Digital Cinema and Digital Audio Recording.
Every week they put together a podcast about High Definition TV and Home Theater. Each episode brings news from the A/V world, helpful product reviews and insights and help in demystifying and simplifying HDTV and home theater.